Merleau-Ponty, Maurice

(1908-1961)
   philosopher
   A leading existential philosopher, Maurice Merleau-Ponty, whose phenomenological studies of the role of the body in perception opened a new area of philosophical discourse, was born in Rochefort and taught at the University of lyon, the sorbonne, and the collège de FRANCE.His first important writings were Structure du comportement (1942), Sens et Non-Sens (1948), and Signes (1960). Another early major work, Phénoménologie de la perception (1945), is a detailed study of perception, influenced by the phenomenology of Edmund Husserl and by Gestalt psychology. in it, he argues that science presupposes an original and unique perceptual relationship to the world that cannot be described or explained in scientific terms. it is a critique of cognitivism and of the existentialism of jean-paul sartre who, unlike Merleau-Ponty, argued that human freedom is total and is not limited by our embodiment. Merleau-Ponty studied Marxism but never accepted its economic and materialistic explanations of the historical process.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

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  • Merleau-Ponty, Maurice — born March 14, 1908, Rochefort, France died May 4, 1961, Paris French philosopher. With Jean Paul Sartre and Simone de Beauvoir he founded the journal Les Temps Modernes in 1945. From 1949 he taught at the Sorbonne. He was the leading exponent of …   Universalium

  • Merleau-Ponty, Maurice — (1908–1961) French phenomenologist, who became professor at the Collège de France in 1952. His major work, the Phénoménologie de la perception (1945, trs. as The Phenomenology of Perception, 1962) anticipates many of the concerns of later… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Merleau-Ponty, Maurice — (1905 61) A French phenomenological philosopher who was especially concerned with the relationships between the body, consciousness, and the outside world; one time friend and colleague of Jean Paul Sartre . His work on language is often seen as… …   Dictionary of sociology

  • Merleau-Ponty,Maurice — Mer·leau Pon·ty (mĕr lō pôɴ tēʹ), Maurice. 1908 1961. French phenomenologist and social critic. Author of such works as Adventures of the Dialectic (1955), he departed from classical phenomenology by emphasizing the relation between consciousness …   Universalium

  • Merleau-Ponty, Maurice — See Existence (Philosophy of) 3 …   History of philosophy

  • Merleau-Ponty, Maurice — ► (1908 61) Filósofo y psicólogo francés de tendencia existencialista. Partiendo de un descubrimiento de las realidades concretas ocultas en las teorías, afirma la unidad del ser humano en su inserción en el mundo como conciencia cuerpo. Obras… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • MERLEAU-PONTY, Maurice — (1908 1961)    French philosopher and phenomenologist who rejected the DUALISM of Rene Descartes in favor of a structural theory of REALITY. His books include The Structure of Behavior (1942) and The Primacy of Perception (1964) …   Concise dictionary of Religion

  • Merleau-Ponty, Maurice — (1908 61)    refer to the entries on Foucault + fold and phenomenology …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Merleau-Ponty, Maurice — (1908 61)    refer to the entries on Foucault + fold and phenomenology …   The Deleuze dictionary

  • Мерло-Понти Морис / Merleau-Ponty, Maurice — (1908 1961). В центре интересов Мерло Понти было понимание отношений между сознанием и природой. Под природой он подразумевал внешние события в их причинных связях. Сознание же, с его точки зрения, не подвластно действию причинности …   Психологическая энциклопедия

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